Worth noting, a review at BMCR of Maria Carmen De Vita's Giuliano imperatore filosofo neoplatonico. Review by Gábor Buzási, Eötvös Loránd University:
The author's main question concerns Julian's character as a philosopher.
She concludes that the emperor was neither a professional nor a
dilettante but rather a pragmatist who aimed at achieving his religious
and political goals partly through his rhetorical writings, in which he
expressed his views in a typically non-systematic way (cf. pp. 326-7).
Moreover, the author argues that Julian's thought, his explicit
statements notwithstanding, did not depend on Iamblichus as much as is
often believed, pointing to influence from earlier thinkers instead,
including Middle Platonists. Finally, she also stresses the emperor's
tendency to emulate Christian theology, an aspect of his thought
relatively neglected in the past.
A good piece in the Wall Street Journal about the myths of guerilla warfare. It is focused on modern war, but gives good insight into the nature of ancient battles, especially those like the Battle of Teutoburg Forest. Asynchronous warfare became a term in vogue around six, seven years ago, this is a more sober perspective:
Tribal war, pitting one guerrilla force against another, is as old as
humankind. A new form of warfare, pitting guerrillas against
"conventional" forces, is of only slightly more recent vintage—it arose
in Mesopotamia 5,000 years ago. Calling guerrilla warfare "irregular" or
"unconventional" has it backward: It is the norm of armed conflict.
Many of the
world's current boundaries and forms of government were determined by
battles between standing armies and insurgencies. Think of the United
Kingdom, which was "united" by the success of the English in defeating
centuries-old Scottish and Irish guerrilla movements. The retreat of the
British Empire was partly the result of successful armed resistance, by
groups ranging from the Irish Republican Army in the 1920s to the
Zionists in the 1940s. Earlier still, the war waged by American
colonists, some of them fighting as guerrillas, created the U.S., which
reached its present borders, in turn, by waging centuries of unremitting
warfare against Native American insurgents.